Hepatitis: Slow Death Shrouded In Blood

2016-11-15
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Hepatitis is an infection contracted by infection with various strains of Hepatitis virus, the most common strain being Hepatitis B Virus. The virus primarily affects the liver. The reason why one ought to beware of this baneful virus is because of the mode it gets transmitted through. It invades the body primarily through body fluids.   

 

1. Causes of Hepatitis B


  • Chances of you suffering with this virus are if you:
  • Have had sex with an infected person without protection,
  • Used a needle previously used by an infected person,
  • Got a tattoo (or piercing) done using a non sterilized armamentarium same,
  • Shared personal stuff with an infected person such as razor or toothbrushes.


Also, a mother can pass this virus to her baby. So if you are pregnant it is important to get a hepatitis B test done.

Remember you can’t get infected just by casual physical contact such as hugging, coughing, sharing food, sneezing or kissing.

 

2. Symptoms of Hepatitis B

The irony of this problem is that people don’t even know that you are infected with this virus because there are no specific symptoms. The symptoms of hepatitis B are:


  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Not willing to eat
  • Stomach ache
  • Nausea
  • Dark urine
  • Tan-coloured stools
  • Yellow eyes or skin.

There are no symptoms for chronic hepatitis b.

 

3. Treatment

Most cases hepatitis B goes on its own. You yourself can be careful or relieve yourself by eating healthy, drinking lots of water, resting and staying away from drugs and alcohol. There are no specific treatment measures. The treatment is targeted to maintain fluid levels, nutritional balance and alleviation of symptoms.

The treatment for chronic hepatitis depends on the intensity with which the virus is spreading and damaging the liver. People suffering with chronic hepatitis B need to get a regular health check up and take good care of self. There are few medicines for chronic hepatitis B but they don’t work for all. So talk to your doctor to work out your medication.

The worst part about hepatitis is that it causes a lot of harm to the liver, to an extent that the patients might need a liver transplant.     

 

4. Prevention

There are vaccines available for hepatitis B. There are a series of 3-4 shorts. Combination of vaccine of hepatitis B and A called Twinrix is also available. There are several things one can do to prevent themselves from getting infected:


  • Use protection before sex
  • Don’t share personal items
  • Get needle checked before you are injected that it should be new and opened in front of you.
  • Wear gloves if you are required to touch blood.

 


The diagnosis of this virus is done with a simple blood test. With the help of the test the doctor can tell whether you are vaccine for the virus or no, if you are infected then a liver biopsy can also be done. So be aware about the people around you and stay healthy!

TAGGED IN : Liver Liver Diseases Hepatitis Viral Infection

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