Facts About Cataract You Ought To Know

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A cataract is a clouding of the lens of your eye. Cataracts mainly appear because of building up of proteins in the lens. New cells keep forming outside the lens, while the other ones are put in the centre. You may not even realize that you are suffering from cataract. The reason for this is that it does not obstruct vision in the early stage. Progressive worsening of lens over years affects vision. It is not entirely pathological, and is a part of ageing. By the age of 65, most old people suffer from cataract and by 75-85 years, most of them loose their vision due to cataract. So if someone in your family has been diagnosed with it, just sit back and relax as it does not signify end of their world. Also, cataract does not travel from one eye to another.


There are certain types of cataract. Which include the following:

Age-related cataract:  part of ageing; mainly occurs because of ageing of lens and protein accumulation.

Congenital cataract: is when babies are born with cataract because of some sort of infection or developmental defects.

Secondary cataract: is caused due to reasons such as diabetes, exposure to UV rays or very bright light etc. 

Other reasons: smoking, pollution and drinking.


Following are certain facts about cataract which you should know:

  • Cataract is characterized by glare, blurred or dim vision.
  • The basic reason for development of cataract concerns age. Thus the possibility of developing it increases with growing age.
  • Obesity or accumulation of excess body fat increases the propensity for development of the disorder or other eye related problems.
  • Hypertension is one of the most popular causes of cataract.
  • Family history is very important when it comes to medical problems. So ye, it is possible that cataract could be coming to you with your genes.
  • The surgical treatment involves the removal of the cataract affected lens followed by replacement with artificial lens.
  • Whether to opt for the surgery or not largely depends on the level of visibility.
  • Going through a cataract surgery is safe enough and in fact is the only way to clear the cloudiness in the lens.
  • Cloudiness or lack of visibility in the eyes at the initial stage of cataract would affect only some parts of your eyes and you would not even know that it has caused some loss of vision, until there are enough accumulations in the lens.
  • Make sure you meet a doctor if there is any sort of changes in your vision, if you find it blur or if you can’t take much glare for it could indicate development of cataract.

The sooner you get treated for this defect, the better as a healthy eyesight is a necessitude to see this beautiful world. 

TAGGED IN : Eye Care Health Old Age Problems

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